Jim Downs is the author of Sick From Freedom: African American Illness and Suffering During the Civil War and Reconstruction; Stand By Me: The Forgotten History of Gay Liberation and Maladies of Empire: How Colonialism, Slavery and War Transformed Medicine. He served as the consulting editor for the New York Times Bestseller The Intellectual Devotional and its sequels on U.S. History and Biographies. He has also served as a consultant for programs about the Civil War and Abraham Lincoln for the History Channel and for the PBS series, Mercy Street. He has been cited as an expert by BBC, CNN, The Atlantic, The Economist, Christian Science Monitor, The Guardian, Mother Jones, NBC News, NPR, Wall Street Journal, and by media in Brazil, Greece, New Zealand, Portugal, Turkey, and United Kingdom. His research on slavery and medicine has been featured in the 1619 Project in the New York Times. Downs has published articles in The Atlantic, The New Yorker, History Today, L.A. Review of Books, The New Republic, New York Times, Time Magazine, Salon, Slate, and Vice, among others. Downs earned his B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania, his M.A. and PhD from Columbia University, and he completed postgraduate training in medical anthropology at Harvard University. He is the Gilder Lehrman-National Endowment for the Humanities Professor of Civil War Studies and History at Gettysburg College. He is the Editor of Civil War History. Jim serves as host of the History Studio Podcast.